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Sometime back I was hunting for Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Web services, as Microsoft has large online infrastructure, finding a vulnerability which could lead to Microsoft hall of fame for security researchers wasn’t difficult. While browsing around their online services, one of their services, Microsoft hub translator caught my attention.
Microsoft hub translator is and I quote: “Microsoft Translator Hub empowers businesses and communities to build, train, and deploy customized automatic language translation systems—-”.
I signed up and started looking for vulnerabilities and found critical level vulnerability through which I was able to delete All Microsoft hub translator 13000+ projects. As the vulnerability is fixed now, I’m sharing the technical details.
Microsoft hub translator allows you to create customized automatic language translation system projects. I signed up and created a project solely for bug finding purposes, I had no idea about its functionality though. Created a project named it ‘huntingbugs’.
Remove Project HTTP Request
POST /Projects/RemoveProject?projectId=12839 HTTP/1.1 Host: hub.microsofttranslator.com User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:36.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/36.0 Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8 Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Referer: https://hub.microsofttranslator.com/Projects/Index Cookie: RPSAuth=FABKARSt1lMxfQ39EcbVsLWT8hLbEL12RANmAAAEgAAACI6Hs92zqyRlCAGce1EqwSJmjJe21nXVHarrEJ9ROzjj21XAthl%2BUUjzX3XR5JeCB8WI0oMdmwQhyn30OIiubBYaeLeg21nqXT06UwzczFIDAjoqU%2BQpCg9SWaLSVSC3aKMZPT92NVjgySbIV8YYxPA4XMVMbU04mvNKv8v5vaGVMUNBtjHldxFqKYEWqI5P0UZetmtagzOK%2Bf2CRFbgb3Gak68RN6Mjj/xXt2ovC8pxYn2qb9MqSNxHC4Y3bA8n6vyZoJzM6Uu0zZpTUPIhv5L1PyHOO3FdXFELqttx2Yd2LEJNvxjkmON9KcYXIR%2BlUsHfimE901msD9XWB1SLG3zvm06oacncf1WGrdjEdnA2lOgUALlEhQzxHbGm6TryDMpq%2BbrTU/wG; RPSSecAuth=FABKARSt1lMxfQ39EcbVsLWT8hLbEL12RANmAAAEgAAACKDdutui3VqgCAE5DVaipcaF6WaWT%2B0L0ppLMAd7kigpYcQ89xhwiDiYN9yNhyVf86EW6KiiOs7FY2PCTFH2rM/uH3LYLIhTEYturZ5vOjVPBUP6QqqAtP9rvUCtv9%2Bakv9WNwY4gpZzQ4SXjtVpSMqyrV3RIN/emocWtNDmU5BPrnAZk50oAnoSf6aJX5IjaNcXc61Tv3BSO6m3GKLevxWnpSoyLzIajETwMSBe84fL5fWyUI0r3jXq7rW/rUh/Go/R4OzS2nL1okl512yFcZFZFXdsEq6k5M0lKP0L9ZTVtaW0WiZKXKgY%2B%2BPPtImjI5whKX2U4wbqgPiD1rxXwDogAlcrLKu6YGEHfVg01iG0GQ0UAF%2BhVQ4CptuuRm8tI8XE9zmo3%2Bhr; ANON=A=365DFF2DD45617971705DA33FFFFFFFF&E=1089&W=1; NAP=V=1.9&E=102f&C=h8ZS17Xmf0z4Q2T9Dj26e_Pijaca9G00g1PJCcXaI36L1P7jWHYOFQ&W=1; mstcid=[RemovedEmail] Connection: keep-alive Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded Content-Length: 0
POST request with no content and parameter in the URL (its kinda weird isn’t it?) the “projectid” parameter in the above request is the ID of the individual project in the database, which in this case is “12839“, by observing the above HTTP request, a simple delete project query could be something like:-
Delete project FROM projects WHERE projectid=12839;
After forwarding the HTTP request, our project “12839” got deleted, nothing out of the ordinary.
Wait a minute, if you take a look at the Request, first thing to notice is there is no CSRF protection. This is prone to CSRF attack .In simple words, CSRF vulnerability allows attacker to impersonate legit logged in user, performing actions on their behalf. Consider this:-
- Legit user is logged in.
- Attacker includes the URL in a page. (img tag, iframe, lots of possibilities here) “http://hub.microsofttranslator.com/Projects/RemoveProject?projectId=12839”
- Victim visits the page, above request will be sent from their browser.
- Requirement is that one should know the ProjectID number of logged in victim.
- As it has no CSRF projection like antiCSRF tokens it results in the removal of the project.
- Even if it has Anti-CSRF projection, here are ways to bypass CSRF Token protections.
The worst is yet to come
lets again take a look at HTTP project removal request. What if we fuzz around projectID, change its value, for testing this behavior, I created another account, logged in from a different browser and created two projects.
I got back to burp suite and started fuzzing around with projectID parameter value. I changed the ID parameter value from the same request posted above to the project ID value from the projects of second account and sent the request and refreshed the page.
The project whose projectID I used in the HTTP request got deleted. Technically this vulnerability is called Indirect Object Reference. now if I just loop through the values starting from 0 to 13000 (last project), I’m able to delete all projects from the database. The vulnerability could have been avoided using simple checks, either the project that the user requested is owned by the same user, associating the project owner with the project is another way, but its Microsoft so….
Reported the vulnerability to Microsoft under their Security Acknowledgement program. Their initial response
Rewarded me Microsoft Hall of fame for Security Researchers.
Contrary to previous experience with Microsoft Security acknowledgment program, they fixed the issue quickly in about two weeks.